14 biosecurity principles to prevent poultry disease spread

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There are 14 biosecurity principles and management practices that will prevent the introduction and spread of infectious diseases on poultry farms.

Dr. Elena Behnke, veterinary coordinator for the National Poultry Improvement Plan at the U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS), highlighted these principles at the Egg Industry Center Issues Forum, held recently in Columbus, Ohio.

The 14 biosecurity principles are:

1. Biosecurity responsibility

A farm’s biosecurity coordinator should develop, implement, maintain and monitor the ongoing effectiveness of the farm’s biosecurity program. A biosecurity program should be reviewed at least during each calendar year and revised as necessary.

2. Training

A farm’s biosecurity program should include training materials that cover farm site-specific procedures and premises-wide or companywide procedures. Poultry owners and caregivers should complete the training, and it should be done once per calendar year and documented. New employees should be trained at the time of hiring.

3. Line of separation

The line of separation is a functional line that separates the poultry house and the birds inside from exposure to disease. It is defined as the walls of the poultry building with practical deviations to account for entry points, structural aspects or outside access areas.  

4. Perimeter buffer area

The perimeter buffer area is the area surrounding the poultry house or area where poultry is raised, separating the birds from areas unrelated to poultry production and/or adjoining properties. It includes the poultry houses and poultry-raising areas, nearby structures and high-traffic areas involved in the…

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